What Is Biotechnology and Its Benefits for Human Life

For those of us who are still not familiar with this term, we don’t understand what the term means.

So biotechnology is a technology that uses living organisms to make products such as nutritional compounds, chemicals and environmentally friendly materials, household cleaning products, medicines and therapies, transplant organs and biofuels.

Biotechnology consists of medical biotechnology, agricultural biotechnology and industrial biotechnology.


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Biotechnology can help overcome many global problems, one of which is climate change, aging society, food security, energy security and infectious diseases.

But like other technologies, biotechnology not only provides benefits but also has potential risks.

One example is through synthetic biology, the development of biological systems has contributed to the emergence of various kinds of drugs, chemicals and fuels without using fossil resources.

However, if this is misused, synthetic biology can produce dangerous biological and chemical materials.

The Global Future Council on Biotechnology through its dialogue together with board members with diverse expertise will map the risks and solutions of biotechnology in order to maximize the benefits for human life in the future.

To advance and accelerate its development, further and in-depth research is needed on organisms, cells, multi-cells, tissues and organs so that researchers and biotechnology developers have a better understanding so that they can develop these uses.

In addition, there is a need for regulatory support, through regulation we can ensure safety and security.

Professor Sang Yup Lee said the only way to ensure the existing obstacles did not hamper progress was with strong dialogue between all stakeholders.


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According to Professor Sang Yup Lee, there are many interesting things that are happening thanks to the rapid progress of biotechnology.

The genome editing of living organisms, including microorganisms, plants and animals has many potential applications.

These advances can increase the production of bio-based chemicals, increase food production and maintain better nutritional value, or can produce organs for transplantation.

The large production of chemicals, fuels and materials from renewable biomass that are not dependent on fossil resources is the result of rapid advances in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology.

Extraordinary developments emerged from the medical sector, very complex natural compounds from bio-sources suitable for pharmaceutical purposes.

Stem cell therapy, biotechnology that is integrated with ICTs helps overcome the health challenges posed by an aging population.


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Professor Sang Yup Lee explained that biotechnology will be the same as the trend of cellphones and digital, in 2030 biotech companies will emerge.

Small villages and at home use biotechnology to produce the required household chemicals and the conversion of biotech waste that can dispose of waste.

In addition, it can help overcome national problems related to health, such as efficient disease prevention and welfare programs, precision treatment, genome editing, organ production and stem cell therapy.

So, it is very realistic that later it will become a part of our lives.

Biotechnology is a branch of science that studies the use of living things (bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc.) and products from living things (enzymes, alcohols) in the production process to produce goods and services.

At present, the development of biotechnology is not only based on biology, but also on other applied and pure sciences, such as biochemistry, computers, molecular biology, microbiology, genetics, chemistry, mathematics, etc.

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